It is represented in all types of business and residential buildings. It is characterized by a large percentage of one opening and thus largely affects its characteristics. The basic applications in the exterior are: filling for carpentry, glazing of facades, handrails, fences, roofs, gardens of catering facilities, and the like. For the interior: bathrooms, partitions, offices, railings, fences, shelves, etc. There are many divisions and types of glass, but in the following text, we will list only the elements of glass that are related to carpentry. We divide it on several bases: thickness, quality, the color of foil, strength, and structure.
Single glass is the basis for obtaining products in the service of transparency, acoustic and thermal characteristics. Its basic parameters are 2-20 mm thick, color, appearance (the difference is visual and tactile), and strength (plain and tempered glass).
Tempering of glass is the process of firing glass at a high temperature, which changes its structure and becomes up to seven times stronger. When such glass is broken, it breaks into a large number of small pieces and there is a small chance of injury. It is used for the production of large glass surfaces and in places where an improved structure is required.
Lamination is the process of joining single panes in two or more layers with defined foils in between (depending on the required function of that pane). During the exploitation of such glass, in case of cracking, the effect of a spider’s web occurs and there is a small chance that more serious injuries will occur. Its purpose is for large glass surfaces, when there is a need for sound insulation, increasing the degree of security (production of bulletproof glass), and the like.
Glass packages are made as a thermal package (two layers of glass, connected by a strip), and a three-layer package (three layers of glass, connected by a strip). The space between the glasses can be filled with some types of gas to improve the characteristics of the glass package. Moldings used to obtain thermal packages can be aluminum (standard) and PVC (warm edge) with improved thermal characteristics. Layers of glass can have foil (film) on them and are produced in several variants (depending on the functional needs of the foil). All of the above is a variable and customizable category depending on the need.
WARM EDGE MOLDINGS (HOT EDGE)
WARM EDGE moldings are part of the thermal package, they differ from standard gray aluminum moldings with improved thermal characteristics. They are significant because they are made of plastic material which, according to its basic characteristics, is not a heat carrier. One of the WARM EDGE models is TERMIX. The advantages over the standard gray aluminum molding are the reduced PSI coefficient, heat loss at the very edge of the thermal package, and the black color of the molding that fits better, especially on dark carpentry, which is increasingly present.
DECORATIVE MOLDINGS IN GLASS
As a decorative element in glass packages, special moldings are placed and they are characterized by dimensions, shape, and appearance. There are several models and shapes whose characteristics fit into the needs of the appearance of the building.